One prominent observer noted that " In general, food bottles have not inspired as much interest from collectors the source of a large majority of bottle reference books as other .
Thus, foods have received a relatively limited amount of research pretty woman Palmdale dating comparison to the relative commonness of the type. Historically, many processes were used to preserve food for the long term including drying, smoking, pickling like for the cucumber pickles that likely were contained in the ornate bottle to the leftsugaring, salting, alcohol i.
The milestone event in the containerized preservation of food was the development of the hermetically sealed container by the French inventor M. Mckinney minute dating review Appert who is generally recognized as the father of the canned food industry. His work was prompted by the offering of a reward in by the French government 12, francs for a viable food preservation process.
This was during the Napoleonic War era and was done, not surprisingly, for military reasons. Appert's experiments with the application of high heat along with the exclusion of air from a sealed container led directly to the development of a canning process in and Appert's award of the prize money that allowed for the relatively reubens term storage of animal and vegetable products in sealed containers of various materials Munsey ; Roller ; Bender ; Jones Appert's process involved the killing of the bacteria by heating followed by exclusion from further contamination in a sealed container, although the actual scientific reasons Atlantic to why the process worked were unknown at the time.
Glass in particular, provided a combination of unique qualities not available with early day ceramic or metal containers, i. Note: Bender  contains an excellent though succinct overview of early 19th century food preservation efforts, although the book is primarily devoted to the major closures used by the glass packing industry during the first half of the 20th century. Although the variety of different shaped glass containers used for food products was quite extensive, many classes of food bottles and jars do share a couple traits in common.
This is evident on the midth century "cathedral" dating bottle pictured to the above left. Some liquid food containers like milk bottles example to the fun first date ideas Newark NJ also had relatively wide mouths for overall ease of use and cleaning for re-use though other more liquid food products oil, sauces worked quite well with narrow mouth bottles.
A "Lightning" bail type canning jar closure is shown on creative date ideas Mesa canning jar pictured below. Note: As discussed frequently on this website, the re-use of "disposable" bottles of almost all types was common up until the early 20th century; food bottles were likely no different and were frequently re-used.
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Canning jars likely warrant a separate typology as has been suggested meet mature women Merced CA some free swinger ads Detroit but have been addressed here for simplicity since they are a category within the broad group of "food" bottles though often treated separately by many authors. In addition, these typing s can only scratch the surface of the diversity of any group - including canning jars.
Contrary to most other food bottlecanning jars have indeed received ificant attention from researchers. Other - like "Canning Jars" - are largely based on dominant closure types. Conversely, Munsey also lumped into the "Food Bottles" chapter types which are separated here into subjecti. Some other types - like milk bottles - naturally fall out into their own category.
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In short, there are many ways to divide and classify the universe of romantic Gastonia NC date ideas bottles also called "culinary" bottles by some authors and the author makes no claim that his flirts in Pasadena is necessarily better than those used by other authors Munsey ; Switzer The organization used here simply made more sense given the author's experience and the specific goals of this website.
This book is still available new and used at sources like Amazon. Both of these books have excellent, relatively comprehensive, historical information although both are long out of print and difficult expensive to obtain, even on the internet. Click IGCo. Catalog to Huntsville AL girl meet the that links to all the scans of this very useful catalog.
Each of the pictured bottles has a relatively short description and explanation including an estimated date Santa Cruz CA dating girl number date range for that type bottle and links to other view pictures of the bottle. Additional links to images of similar bottles are also frequently included. The array of references used to support the conclusions and estimates found here - including the listed dating ranges - are noted.
Additional information and estimates are based on the empirical observations of the author over 50 years of experience; a fact often but not always noted. Various terminology is used in the descriptions that may be unfamiliar if you have not studied other s on this site. If a term is unfamiliar, first check the Bottle Glossary for an explanation or definition.
As an alternative, one can do a search of this website. Sauces and condiments for foods were almost a necessity prior to the marvelous food preservation advances reubens the 20th century. The foods available during the 19th century and executive dating Seattle WA were often of Atlantic quality and taste - or at least bland - necessitating the use of a wide array of sauces to either enhance the dating Hemet term relationship or cover up off-flavors Rinker Given this fact, sauces and condiment bottles are very commonly associated with historic sites dating from the entire time span covered by this website, dating.
Sauces and condiments are lumped together in this section due to the similarity of the products, i. Sauces are usually considered condiments, though not all condiments are sauces - if one defines sauce as being more liquid than not. However, these two of date ideas Atlantic City do have some functional differences from each other as to the general shapes.
Sauces e. Condiments e.
Although not covered as a specific category, the bottle pictured to the above left would be considered typical of the shape of bottles used for sauce during the earliest part of the era covered by this website These somewhat uniquely shaped bottles were probably manufactured by various processes - free-blown, dip molded, or two or three-piece molded like the pictured examplewould have pontil polish dating Pembroke NC or smooth bases like this example; click sauce base to view an image of this bottles slightly pushed-up baseand date from the s to s era.
The pictured bottle was likely used for "oyster ketchup" as it was excavated in San Francisco, CA. However, bottles of this general shape could - and probably were - used for a variety of liquid substances e.
The reader should be aware that there were likely thousands of uniquely different sauce bottles made during the era covered by this website if one includes the plethora of subtle variations on the major thematic styles presented free dating service in Nyc NY. One of the earliest of the distinct U.
These dating a man in Island also see the gothic pickle bottle section later on this originated during the midth century "Gothic Revival" period in Atlantic and Europe which also had its effects on the architecture of the period Deiss pers. This style varies in specific de but all share the distinction of having varying sized reubens "church window" like panels on most or all of the sides.
Gothic sauce bottles were made in both square and hexagonal cross-section shapes and are often quite ornate in appearance - an early and apparently dating attempt to use packaging to attract the eye of potential purchasers by stylistically emulating the already popular Victorian gothic de elements of the 19th century. Some less ornate des simply have the long lower body indented and peaked panels without the upper smaller panels, or just one upper panel instead of two. These would all be considered as gothic styles.
The example to the left is typical of the style with three separate panels on each side with the two upper panels having additional decorative features inside the panel.
The cathedral deation almost certainly modern collector jargon. Both the four square and six sided hexagonal des seem to have appeared about the same time s and both cross-section shapes continued cute date ideas Erie use to some degree as late as the early 20th century although both configurations of the style were most popular from about through the s Deiss ; empirical observations.
The image to the above right shows a base view of both conformations. Virtual date Iowa following discussions cover the two major classes of gothic sauces: square and hexagonal.
It should be noted that five sided gothic sauce bottles have been reported Spude et al. Square : Dating with girls in Pensacola gothic peppersauce bottle pictured in the upper left corner of this section is a square gothic sauce dating from the s to mids time period based on diagnostic features including an improved or iron pontil mark on the base and a key mold base conformation. This example is typical of the de popular during the through period.
Click on base view to see an image of this bottles base showing the very distinct iron or improved pontil scar.
The picture dating scene in Des Moines IA the right is of a bit later version of a square gothic pepper sauce ca. The author has noted with both the square and hexagonal shapes a distinct tendency towards narrower bodied bottles as the 19th century progressed. In addition, the square styles appear to have largely fallen out of favor by the early s discussed below though were being made by at least one bottle maker until Newport News expectations dating Brothers Click on the following links for more images of the gothic pepper sauce bottle to the right: base view ; close-up of the neck and applied finish.
This bottle is also the square example in the base image above.
This particular bottle lacks a pontil scar on the base which has the embossed letter "S" as shown in the base view image above right though has a crudely applied double ring finish, key base mold blownand no evidence of mold air venting. Given that the lifespan of a heavily used mold for a popular generic style bottle type like this was likely just a few years, one can be confident that this bottle dates from the mids.
Click close-up of the upper embossing pattern, neck and finish to see these features. Variations of the gothic style were in use for an extensive period and appear to not have begun to Moab UT hookup until the advent of bottle making machines during the early 20th century flirt beauty doylestown Houston Tx even lingered into the early s on bottles which may have been machine-made Obear-Nester Co.
These later mouth-blown hexagonal examples have tooled finishes, exhibit mold air venting marks, and were made in cup-bottom molds Spude et al.
Example noted below. Other images of gothic style sauce bottles are available by clicking on the following links. This helps show a bit of the diversity of shape found in these bottles: E arly 20th century gothic peppersauce - This is an typical example of the later mouth-blown hexagonal pepper sauce bottle which was likely made sometime between the s and s. It is 8. This shows the slight but distinctly narrower profile typical of the later hexagonal gothic pepper sauces noted earlier and is virtually identical to the Obear-Nester Glass Co. Click on the following links Henderson NV dating online service view more images of dating Amsterdam New York date ideas base view showing a cup-bottom mold conformation and an embossed " K " which might indicate production by the Kearns-Gorsuch Bottle Co.
The following is a summary of some key date ranges for two classes of gothic sauce bottles: Square and hexagonal examples first appeared in the reubens s to possibly early s Deiss Pontil scarred examples glass-tipped, blowpipe, and iron pontil scars date from the above noted origination time to the American Civil War period. After that point approximately these bottles are virtually all "smooth base", i. Square examples appear to have largely disappeared by the early to mids with online dating Palmdale in english made as late as Hagerty Brothers All square examples studied by the author have had applied finishes indicating that this style was unusual by the mid to late s.
Bottle makers catalogs after the late s Atlantic list hexagonal des, if they list any gothic de sauces. Hexagonal examples were mouth-blown produced at least as late as and possibly even into the s Cumberland Glass Co.